Paimio’s design stands apart from that of many other medical instutions due to Aalto’s attention to detail and his considerations of how the space would
be used by its occupants. This is one of the first examples of enviroments being shaped by the user, architects and planners for years to come will use this technique to create enviroments which the user can react to, spend time in and most inportantly feel comfortable in.
The basic layout of the building is of three bars, splayed out
at angles to one another and connected at the center. Aalto had
seen the same scheme at work in another tuberculosis sanatorium
at Zonnestraal, and he adapted it for his design. The first bar contained
patient housing and nursing facilities, the second a cafeteria,
and the third services.